How Insulation Works

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How Insulation Works

Insulation in your home provides resistance to heat flow. The more heat flow resistance your insulation provides, the lower your heating and cooling costs. Properly insulating your home not only reduces heating and cooling costs, but also improves comfort.

To understand how insulation works it helps to understand heat flow, which involves three basic mechanisms -- conduction, convection, and radiation. Conduction is the way heat moves through materials, such as when a spoon placed in a hot cup of coffee conducts heat through its handle to your hand. Convection is the way heat circulates through liquids and gases, and is why lighter, warmer air rises, and cooler, denser air sinks in your home. Radiant heat travels in a straight line and heats anything solid in its path that absorbs its energy.

Most common insulation materials work by slowing conductive heat flow and -- to a lesser extent -- convective heat flow. Radiant barriers and reflective insulation systems work by reducing radiant heat gain. To be effective, the reflective surface must face an air space.

Regardless of the mechanism, heat flows from warmer to cooler until there is no longer a temperature difference. In your home, this means that in winter, heat flows directly from all heated living spaces to adjacent unheated attics, garages, basements, and even to the outdoors. Heat flow can also move indirectly through interior ceilings, walls, and floors -- wherever there is a difference in temperature. During the cooling season, heat flows from the outdoors to the interior of a house.

To maintain comfort, the heat lost in the winter must be replaced by your heating system and the heat gained in the summer must be removed by your cooling system. Properly insulating your home will decrease this heat flow by providing an effective resistance to the flow of heat.


U.S. Department of Energy - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

 
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Avid Heating and Cooling, Inc.
7700 County Road 110 West  •  Minnetrista, MN 55364    
952.446.9975   
612.518.3970 
License: MB660625   
 
 
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Monday | 7:30am - 9:00pm
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Wednesday | 7:30am - 9:00pm
Thursday | 7:30am - 9:00pm
Friday | 7:30am - 9:00pm
Saturday | 8:00am - 9:00pm
Sunday | 8:00am - 5:00pm
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Contact Information
 
Avid Heating and Cooling, Inc.
7700 County Road 110 West
Minnetrista, MN 55364
952.446.9975  |  612.518.3970
License: MB660625
24/7 EMERGENCY SERVICE AVAILABLE
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Call Avid Heating and Cooling, Inc. a BBB rated company for Furnace repair jobs in Mound MN.
 
 
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